Supervision 101

What is Supervision?
While supervision is a relationship that has similarities with counseling or psychotherapy, it does have “a different structure and purpose“ (Campbell, J. 2000. Becoming an Effective Supervisor, p. 1). “The primary purpose of clinical supervision is to ensure the quality of client care while the trainee or supervisee is learning” (p. 1).

“Clinical supervisors are responsible for transmitting the skills, knowledge, and attitudes of their profession to the next generation of practitionerscounselors“ (p. 4).

What are Qualities of Effective Supervisors?
Effective supervisors need a wide array of competencies and skills in a variety of areas. Supervisors should be confident but not authoritarian, be respected and viewed by others as capable, and advocate for their supervisees (Boders, L.D. & Leddick, G.R. 1987. Handbook of counseling supervision. ACES). Supervisors should be able to work with transference and countertransference dynamics in supervisees‘ client work as well as in the supervisory relationship.

Please see the following document for a list of Effective Supervisory Behaviors and Qualities
“Effective Supervisory Behaviors and Qualities“

What are suggestions to use in supervision?
The Individual Supervision Evaluation Form lists 21 skills supervisees are trained in. Supervisor and supervisee can use this form to identify skills in client work that are strengths of the supervisee and 3-5 skills which the supervisee will focus on to improve in a given semester. This provides a framework for a rich learning conversation.
“Off-site Individual Supervision Evaluation Form“

The following document also assists with specific Supervisory Functions
Supervisory Functions

Supervision Models
The following document will help give you an overview of the various models of supervision.
The Brief Summary of Supervision Models document provides a clear summary of the various supervision models commonly used.
Brief Summary of Supervision Models